What is binge eating disorder
Binge eating disorder (BED) is a form of the eating condition in which you consume unusually large amounts of food on a regular basis and find it difficult to quit. feeding and eating disorder that is now officially recognized. It affects around 2% of the world’s population and can lead to other health problems associated with diets, such as high cholesterol and diabetes.
Utah has a high percentage of binge eating disorders.
On occasion, almost everyone overeats, such as taking seconds or thirds of a festive meal. Excessive overeating feels out of control and becomes a frequent occurrence for some people, however, crosses the line into binge-eating disorder.
Feeding and eating disorders are classified as mental diseases because they are not just related to food. People usually develop them as a coping mechanism for a deeper issue or a psychological ailment like worry or depression.
what causes binge eating dosorder
The causes of BED remain unknown, however, it is thought to be caused by a number of risk factors, including:
- Genetics. BED patients may have heightened sensitivity to dopamine, a brain neurotransmitter that causes emotions of reward and pleasure. There is also substantial evidence that the condition is passed down through the generations.
- Gender. Women are more likely than males to have BED. In the United States, 3.6 percent of women and 2.0 percent of men develop BED at some point in their life. It’s possible that this is related to underlying biological causes.
- Changes in the brain’s structure. There are signs that persons with BED may have structural alterations in their brains that cause them to have a stronger reaction to food and less self-control.
- Size of the body. Obesity affects over half of those with BED, and 25–50 percent of patients seeking weight loss surgery match the BED criteria. Weight issues can be a cause as well as a symptom of the condition.
- Image body. People with BED frequently have a negative perception of themselves. Body dissatisfaction, dieting, and overeating all play a role in the disorder’s progression.
- Binge eating is when you overeat. Binge eating is frequently reported as the initial symptom of the disease by those who are affected. This involves binge eating as a youngster and during adolescence.
- Emotional distress. Abuse, mortality, being separated from a family member, or being in a car accident are all risk factors. Bullying based on weight in childhood may also play a role.
- Emotional distress. Abuse, mortality, being separated from a family member, or being in a car accident are all risk factors. Bullying based on weight during childhood may also play a role.
- Other mental health issues. Nearly 80% of persons with BED have at least one other mental illness, such as phobias, depression, PTSD, bipolar disorder, anxiety, or substance misuse.
A person with a binge eating disorder consumes enormous, unhealthy amounts of food on a frequent basis.
In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM–5) of the American Psychological Association (APA) added binge eating disorder to its list of mental health illnesses. The person engages in binge eating on a regular and consistent basis. Binge eating episodes include the following:
- Eating an exceptionally great amount of food in a short period of time, such as two hours.
- You have the impression that your eating habits are out of control.
- Eating even if you’re not hungry or full.
- During binge episodes, eating at a quick pace.Eating till you’re stuffed to the gills.
- Eating alone or in private on a regular basis.Feeling down about your eating habits, disgusted, humiliated, guilty, or upset?
- Dieting on a regular basis, possibly without achieving weight reduction
How is BED diagnosed?
While some people may overeat on occasions, such as at Thanksgiving or a party, this does not necessarily indicate that they have BED, even if they exhibit some of the symptoms indicated above.
BED usually begins in late adolescence or early adulthood, but it can strike at any age. People, in general, require assistance in overcoming BED and developing a positive connection with food. BED can linger for years if left untreated.
A person must have had at least one binge eating episode every week for at least three months to be diagnosed.
What are the health risks?
Although the specific etiology of binge eating disorder is unknown, biological variables, psychological qualities, and environmental effects such as body shaming may all play a role.
A number of risk factors have been connected to binge eating disorders by researchers:
- Age. Binge eating disorder can strike at any age, although the first signs of binge eating usually appear in late adolescence or early adulthood.
- Personal and familial background. Body shaming, or receiving negative feedback about one’s appearance or size, appears to raise the chance of developing an eating disorder, including binge eating.
- Other types of eating disorders. Binge eating disorder is more likely to develop in people who have or have had another eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia.
- Conditions that are related. Binge eating can be triggered by certain medical illnesses, such as Prader-Willi syndrome.
- Dieting. Dieting women are 12 times more likely than non-dieting women to have a binge eating problem, according to the OWH.
- Problems with mental health. People who suffer from binge eating disorders believe they have no control over what they consume.
- Personality characteristics An eating disorder is more likely if you are a perfectionist or have an obsessive personality type or disorder, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
- Abuse of a sexual nature. Some people with the illness claim to have been sexually abused as children.